1-) Who can apply for patent registration in Turkey?

 According to Paris Conventions, any natural or legal persons who are domiciled or have  industrial or commercial establishments in the Republic of Turkey can apply for patent/utility  model registration in Turkey.


2-) Why is it necessary to obtain a patent?
Patents provide recognition for individuals for their invention and furthermore, they encourage innovation which is a vital element for the quality of human life.


3-) What kinds of qualities are needed for registration of a patent?

  • The three main qualities of a claimed invention are as follows:
  • Novelty (N),
  • Involving an inventive step (IS)
  • Capability of Industrial Application (IA).

4-) For how many years are patents and utility models protected in Turkey?

Patents without substantive examination are protected for 7 years from the filing date of the application and patents with substantive examination are protected for 20 years from the filing date of the application. Utility models are protected for 10 years from the filing date of the application. 

5-) What could be the language of the description of a patent filed under PCT (Patent Cooperation Treaty) ?

The language of the description and claim(s) could be filed in English, French and German since they are official languages for the international applications. However, in the national phase of PCT, 1-month-period or 3-month-further period is given in order for description and claim(s) to be translated into Turkish and filing the Turkish translation before the Turkish Patent Institute.  The prescribed fee should be paid for the filing procedure.


6-) What is the deadline for submitting the Turkish translation of specification in validation of a European Patent?

In order to validate a European patent in Turkey, the Turkish translation should be submitted within 3 months after the date on which the mention of the grant or the decision to maintain the patent as amended is published in the European Patent Bulletin.


7-) Is Turkey a member of London Agreement?

No. The requirement to file the Turkish translation of the European patent still remains.


8-) What are the requirements for validation a European patent in Turkey?

First of all, the Turkish translation of a European patent specification should be filed within 3 months after the grant of the application or decision to maintain the amended patent is published in European Patent Bulletin. Other requirements are bibliographical data of the published European patent and payment receipts of required official fees. 

9-) Is it possible to demand extension for validation of European patent in Turkey?

No, however it is possible to get extension of 3 months for submission of the Turkish translation of the European patent by paying a surcharge.

1-) Who is entitled to obtain industrial registration in Turkey?

Any natural and legal persons who accommodate or have industrial or commercial establishments in Turkey, or persons who are entitled to file applications under the provisions of Paris Convention. Bern Convention or the Agreement Establishing Worl Trade Organization.


2-) What does industrial design protection cover?

Design protection cover features such as line/drawing, form, shape, colour, texture, elasticity, material or other characteristics perceived by the human senses in appearance in whole or part of a product or its ornamentation.


3-) For how many years are designs protected in Turkey?

Designs are protected for five years from the date of the application; however it may take up to 25 years by renewing the application in every 5 years.


4-) Is there any examination system for designs in Turkey?

No. TPI (Turkish Patent Institute)does not conduct an examination procedure for design application in Turkey.


5-) In how many ways a design application can be filed?

There are two ways to file a design application in Turkey:

-Conventional single or multiple design application

-Application through Hague Agreement


6-) Is it possible to file multiple design applications?

Yes, provided that the intention is written in the filing petition and each design has respective visual representations, there is a possibility of filing multiple design applications in Turkey. 


7-) Is it possible to defer the publication of a design?

Yes. There is a possibility of deferring the publication of a design up to 30 months from the date of priority/filing of the application.


8-) Is it necessary to file POA (Power of Attorney) in the application?

 Yes. If the POA could not be submitted together with the filing petition, it should be sent within two months as from the date of the notification.